Miami Law International Law concentration

International Law

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Degree Programs
Opportunities: Research, Exchange Programs, Competitions, Internships
Law Reviews/Student Organizations


With an exceptionally large number of full-time faculty members with research and teaching interests in international legal subjects, Miami Law has extensive course offerings in international, foreign, and comparative law as well as transnational practice. We also have exciting international exchange programs, competitions and internship possibilities, as well as numerous opportunities to engage in legal research on international topics. Additionally, our library is particularly well-known for its impressive international law and foreign law collections.

Miami is a particularly good location for the study of international legal subjects since the city serves as the gateway to Latin American and the Caribbean. Many American, European and Asian companies have their Latin American regional headquarters here and Miami is home to one of the world's largest privately owned and operated free trade zones. Moreover, Miami has the second-largest number of foreign banks in the United States, a large representation of career foreign consulates, and many non-governmental organizations with headquarters or offices here. The city's tremendous diversity and very large percentage of foreign-born residents make it a laboratory for many issues brought on by globalization.

Degree Programs

The Law School's graduate programs provide opportunities for advanced study, individual research, and specialization leading to the degree of Master of Laws (LL.M.) in International Arbitration, Taxation, Taxation of Cross-Border Investment, Estate Planning, U.S. and Transnational Law for Foreign Lawyers, Inter-American Law, International Law, Ocean and Coastal Law, and Real Property Development.


This section discusses courses (subject to change) that are primarily international. Additionally, however, most of our faculty members include some international materials when they teach courses normally thought of as domestic law.

The term "International Law," as commonly used outside the legal profession, actually covers a number of subject areas, which can be grouped as follows:

  • Public International Law: This is the law governing relations among nations, including such areas as environmental protection, the laws of war, the global economy and the role of international organizations. Increasingly it also involves rights individuals have to be protected from war crimes and from human rights abuses committed by their governments.

Core Course:
International Law

Other Key Courses:
International Economic Law
International Human Rights Law
International Environmental Law
International Criminal Law

Recurring or Recent Seminars and Workshops
Press Freedoms in the Americas (seminar)
Democracy, Constitutions and Human Rights Seminar
International Organizations (seminar)
Arms Control (seminar)
Research Methods in International, Foreign and Comparative Law Seminar
International Moot Court (workshop)
Globalization and Law Seminar
U.S. Constitution and International Law Seminar

Closely Related Courses, Seminars and Workshops
Foreign Relations Law
Immigration Law
Comparative Constitutional Law
Internet Law
Cultural Property and Heritage Law
Asylum and Visa Workshop (S)
Advanced Immigration Seminar (S)
Citizenship Seminar

  • International Business and other Trans-boundary Issues: This is the law that governs or otherwise facilitates international trade, banking, financing, investment and the transfer of intellectual property, as well as many other recent developments that have become increasingly important because of globalization, such as international family law.

Core Course:
International Business Transactions

Other Key Courses:
International Copyright Law
Transfers of Intellectual Property Rights
Doing Business in Latin America
Doing Business in Brazil
International Sales
International Credit Transactions
Project Finance in Latin America
International Tax
International Finance
International Family Law

Closely Related Courses, Seminars and Workshops:
Aviation Law
Banking Law
Antitrust Law
Communications Law
Securities Regulation

  • Foreign and Comparative Law: This area consists primarily of courses that investigate the general principles that govern the civil law system used in most of the world, and its comparison with the common law system used in the U.S., Britain, Canada, Australia, India and other English-speaking countries. It also includes a wide variety of subjects dealing with the laws of the European Union, Latin America, and specific countries. We teach some comparative law courses in Spanish – the first school in the country to do so on a regular basis.

Core Courses:
Comparative Law
European Community Law

Other Key Courses:
Latin American Law
Caribbean Law
Comparative Constitutional Law
Comparative Food Law
Comparative Corporate Governance
Comparative Criminal Law (in either English or Spanish)
Doing Business in Latin America
Law of Obligations (in Spanish)

Recurring or Recent Seminars and Workshops:
Islamic Legal System Seminar
Project Development and Finance in Latin America
Introduction to German Law Seminar
Comparative Contract Law Seminar
Basic Notions of Latin American Contracts Workshop
Legal Regulation of Class Conflict in Democracies Seminar

  • Maritime, Ocean and Coastal Law: While some of the law governing the oceans and maritime commerce is domestic U.S. law, the fundamentals and much of the applicable law fall under the Law of the Sea, a branch of public international law.

Core Course:
Law of the Sea

Other Key Courses:
Admiralty 1
Admiralty 2
Coastal Law
Marine Ecology & the Law
Maritime Personal Injury

Seminars and Workshops:
Law of the Sea Seminar
Marine Insurance Seminar
Marine Pollution Seminar
Advanced Admiralty Workshop

  • The International Law program provides students with the background necessary to recognize, understand and manage problems arising in the international legal order, including those relating to international trade, investment, business, environmental problems, and the protection of human rights. Within the International Law LL.M, the School offers four specializations: U.S. and Transnational Law for Foreign Lawyers, International Arbitration, International Law and Inter-American Law. Foreign lawyers are required to take two courses: An Introduction to U.S. Law and Legal Communication & Research Skills.

Core Course:
Conflict of Laws

Other Key Courses, Seminars and Workshops:
Transnational Litigation
International Commercial Arbitration Workshop
Transnational Litigation and Arbitration
Latin American Arbitration Seminar

Closely Related Courses and Workshops:
Alternative Dispute Resolution
Mediation Workshop
Federal Courts
Litigation Skills (workshop)


The University of Miami School of Law has one of the largest number of faculty members who teach or do scholarly research in the area of international and foreign law of any American law school. Only international law, comparative law and closely related subjects are listed under teaching below. However, every Miami Law Professor also teaches domestic law subject. Additional courses are taught by local attorneys with specialized international expertise, and by distinguished visiting foreign scholars.

Chairs of Our International LL.M. Programs

Bernard H. Oxman, Richard Hausler Professor of Law is Chair of our LL.M. program in Ocean and Coastal Law. A graduate of Columbia Law School and former attorney for the Navy and the State Department, Professor Oxman is the one of the world's leading experts on the Law of the Sea. He is the only American to serve as a Judge ad hoc on both the International Court of Justice (the "World Court") and on the Tribunal of the Law of the Sea. A leading authority on public international law, he is currently serving as the co-editor of the American Journal of International Law. Professor Oxman teaches the Law of the Sea course and Conflict of Laws.

Jan Paulsson is the holder of the Michael Klein Distinguished Scholar Chair and the chair of the White & Case International Arbitration LL.M. Program. He is a graduate of Harvard University and Yale Law School and holds a Diplome d'études supérieures spécialisées from the University of Paris. His many scholarly publications include Denial of Justice in International Arbitration and The Idea of Arbitration. He has served as counsel or arbitrator in over 500 arbitrations in Europe, Asia, the United States and Africa. He has also acted before a great variety of international tribunals including the International Court of Justice and is currently also the president of both the London Court of International Arbitration and the World Bank Administrative Tribunal.

Keith S. Rosenn is Chair of the LL.M. in specializations in U.S. and Transnational Law for Foreign Lawyers, and Inter-American Law. Professor Rosenn, who received his law degree from Yale, is a leading expert on Latin American law generally, and especially Brazilian law. For his contributions to mutual understanding of law between the U.S. and Latin America, Professor Rosenn received the Order of Congress of Colombia in the Degree of Caballero. He teaches Comparative Law, Latin American Law, and Doing Business in Latin America.

Caroline Bradley is Chair of the LL.M. in International Law. A Cambridge University LL. M. graduate with first class honors, she worked for one of England’s largest and best-known law firms before joining the faculty of the London School of Economics. Prof. Bradley writes about comparative and transnational financial law and securities regulation. She teaches European Community Law, International Finance. Her weblog is at

International Arbitration Institute

Marike Paulsson is Director of the University of Miami School of Law’s International Arbitration Institute and Lecturer in Law. She is a former counsel at Hanotiau & van den Berg in Brussels, Belgium. She has authored numerous publications on international arbitration and the 1958 New York Convention. Professor Paulsson is the author of the upcoming treatise on the New York Convention, “The 1958 New York Convention in Action.” She is writing her Ph.D at Leiden University on enforcement of annulled awards under the New York Convention.

Other Key International Faculty

Irwin P. Stotzky graduated from the University of Chicago Law School, and was a Visiting Scholar at Yale. As Fulbright Scholar to Argentina, he later served as an advisor to then Argentine President Alfonsin on human rights matters during the critical years of that country's transition from a military dictatorship to a democracy. He has also worked over three decades to improve human rights in Haiti and the status of Haitian immigrants in the U.S. He has served as an attorney advisor to Haitian Presidents Aristide and Preval. His numerous books and other publications include Transition to Democracy in Latin America: Role of the Judiciary and Silencing the Guns in Haiti: The Promise of Deliberative Democracy.

Stephen J. Schnably received his J.D. from Harvard Magna cum Laude and studied at Oxford on a Knox Fellowship. Before he joined the faculty, he worked for the Washington law firm of Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering, gaining extensive experience in the field of international arbitration. He writes in the fields of international human rights law, the OAS human rights system, comparative constitutional law, and the relationship of international law to constitutional law. He teaches international law, international human rights, and comparative constitutional law.

Richard L. Williamson spent 17 years in the Federal Government, serving in the Air Force, the Foreign Service of the State Department and the Senior Executive Service of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. He then graduated from Harvard Law School magna cum laude and was an associate with Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen and Hamilton in Washington. He has been a Fulbright Senior Scholar in Leipzig Germany, and served for two years as the interim Chair of the International Studies Department in the College of Arts and Sciences at Miami. He is co-Director of the UM-Leipzig exchange program. He writes in the fields of international and comparative environmental law, and arms control. He teaches international law, international environmental law, and seminars on Arms Control and German law (with Prof. Abraham).

David Abraham has a Ph.D. in history from the University of Chicago, and a J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Law School. Prior to entering law school, Professor Abraham taught for many years in the history department of Princeton University, where his special expertise was Germany during the Weimar period. He was an associate with Simpson Thacher & Bartlett. He is the co-director of the UM-Leipzig exchange program. Professor Abraham teaches Immigration, Citizenship Law, and seminars on Citizenship and Identity, Law and Transition to Capitalism, and German Law (with Williamson).

Edgardo Rotman, Senior Lecturer in International & Comparative Law. He received a law degree, an LL.M. in criminology, and a Ph.D. in law and social science from the University of Buenos Aires, and an American J.D. from Suffolk. He has practiced law in Argentina and in Massachusetts. A research fellow at the Max-Planck Institute for Criminal Law in Germany, he was also a visiting scholar in comparative criminal law at Harvard Law School. Professor Rotman is the author of four books and numerous articles on international and comparative criminal law and other subjects. He teaches research methods in international, foreign and comparative law; international moot court; and comparative criminal law (in English and Spanish).

Distinguished Foreign Visiting Faculty

Highly acclaimed scholars regularly visit the Law School, normally for a part of the year, and teach one or two courses in their areas of expertise.

Every year, other foreign Visiting Professors teach at Miami. In the past several years these have included scholars from Italy, Germany, Argentina, Brazil, and Israel.

Other Faculty with Teaching and Research Interests in International and Comparative Law

Ricardo J. Bascuas has had extensive criminal law experience as a law clerk to a Federal Judge, in private practice and as an Assistant Federal Public Defender. He teaches International Criminal Law.

Charlton Copeland served as a law clerk to Justices Richard J. Goldstone and Catherine O'Regan of the Constitutional Court of South Africa. His research interests include comparative constitutional law.

Stephen M. Diamond teaches in the area of comparative regulation of food and beverage law, particularly contrasting U.S. and European Union approaches.

A. Michael Froomkin is globally regarded as a leading expert on Internet law including the Internet's international implications and its governance, on which he has lectured and written extensively. He has served as an advisor to the U.N.'s World Intellectual Property Organization, and has taught International Law.

Michael H. Graham received a master's degree in criminology from Cambridge University and a Fulbright Fellowship to conduct research on the English criminal trial system. He has written extensively on transnational litigation, and serves as director of the school's Summer Abroad Programs.

Frances R. Hill received a Ph.D. from Harvard, having done extensive research on law and politics in Africa, and a J.D. from Yale and an M.A. in African history and politics from the University of Birmingham (England) as a Fulbright Fellow. She practiced in the D.C. and London offices of Jones Day and has written on cross-border transactions and cross-border philanthropy. She is the Director of our nationally ranked LL.M. program in Taxation.

Elizabeth M. Iglesias, a co-founder of the LatCrit movement (the legal, economic and other difficulties facing the Latina/o community), also teaches International Criminal Law and International Economic Law. She has written, lectured and produced documentaries on the adverse effects of globalization.

Stanley I. Langbein has served as attorney/advisor in the Office of International Tax Counsel of the U. S. Treasury Department. He teaches International Tax and is the author of a leading textbook on the subject.

Lili Levi's scholarship deals with a variety of communications law matters including broadcast regulation and copyright. She teaches International Copyright Law.

Dennis O. Lynch is a nationally recognized authority on Latin American law. He was a Fulbright Scholar in economics in Venezuela. Following additional research in Colombia, he authored a book on the Colombian legal profession. He has served as a consultant to the U.S. Agency for International Development on legal modernization in Latin America.

Elliott Manning, a senior tax specialist, also teaches and has done research in the field of comparative corporate governance.

Bernard Perlmutter is Assistant Professor of Clinical Legal Education and Director of the University of Miami School of Law's Children & Youth Law Clinic. He has engaged in significant legal, human rights and policy advocacy on behalf of children, including unaccompanied immigrant children, and his scholarship focuses on the constitutional and therapeutic interests of children in the custody of the state. In addition to teaching in the Children & Youth Law Clinic and other courses on families and children, he teaches transnational family law in Miami's Tour de España program.

Robert E. Rosen teaches International Sales. He has also done comparative research on the role of lawyers.

Stephen K. Urice received a master's degree in Biblical Archaeology, a Ph. D. in Fine Arts, and a J.D., all from Harvard. A co-author of the leading textbook on art law (including its international aspects), he teaches Cultural Property & Heritage Law. He serves on the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Cultural Property.

Francisco Valdes, co-founder of the LatCrit movement, uses that perspective to explore human rights and, constitutional issues in America's relations with, among others, Cuba, Spain and Chile. He has also taught Comparative Law.

Research Opportunities, Exchange Programs, Competitions and Internships

Many of the courses and all of the seminars offered on international and comparative law provide students the opportunity to engage in research and writing. Research at UM is facilitated by the very large international, comparative and foreign law materials in our library. Our library's acquisition budget is the ninth largest among law schools. Faculty members sponsor many individual student research projects in a typical year on international topics. Additional opportunities to do original research or to act as an editor are provided by the school's two internationally-oriented law reviews, the Inter-American Law Review, and the International and Comparative Law Review.

Miami's Exchange and International Study Programs are among the largest offered by any law school. Miami's program provides our students abroad with a mix of UM and foreign law professors to teach the courses, virtually all of which are in the fields of public international law, comparative and foreign law, and international dispute resolution.

Miami Law students have the chance to participate in our International Moot Court Program and participate in the Jessup Moot Court competition, the Willem C. Vis International Commercial Arbitration competition and others.

UM guarantees all interested students a clinical experience where they perform lawyerly functions under the supervision of practicing attorneys. Many enroll in one of our in-house clinics; most do so through semester-long litigation internships in governmental agencies, some of which involve international elements, including the Coast Guard, the Citizenship and Immigration Services [the former INS], U.S. Customs and Border Protection, and the Florida Immigrant Advocacy Center. Other students take part in summer internships. Recent ones include the U.S. State Department, both in Washington and at overseas embassies and consulates; the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda; the U.S. government's Overseas Private Investment Corporation; the World Organization Against Torture; and the Harlem Community Law Office.

Related Law Reviews

International & Comparative Law Review
Inter-American Law Review

Related Student Organizations

International Law Society
International Moot Court Board
Maritime Law Society
Student Organization for Human Rights

Click here for a full list of student organizations


Law book

While one can become an expert in a particular legal area through work experience and post-law school study, many students choose to focus on a particular subject area during law school.

At Miami Law we have expertise in an array of legal areas some of which include: